Italian implementation

Italian NeTEx Profile

For the exchange of Public Transport (PT) data with Italian National Access Point (NAP), a NeTEx Profile has been defined among the affected stakeholders.

TL;DR Download the guideline document for the implementation of Italian NeTEx profile

The profile is a subset of the standard; it has been definedselecting the needed concepts (entities and associated attributes) for specific use cases or set of use cases and complemented by rules defined to restrict possibilities of divergent interpretations of open parts of the standard.

For Italy, Passenger Information and PT contracts information exchange have been identified as primary Use Cases. In this perspective two level profile has been defined:

  1. Passenger Information profile (level 1)
  2. Contracts profile (level 2 – incremental)

Typical use case for the Passenger Information Use Case is:

  • provision of data to journey planner
  • provision of data to a mapping tool to show the network on a map (possibly interactive)
  • provision of data to a timetable printing/visualisation tool
  • provision of data to a stop or line finder.

For the level 1, European Passenger Information Profile (EPIP) has been identified as defined in the CEN Technical Specification prTS 16614:PI Profile.

The Passenger Information Profile is divided into 3 main parts:

  • Common elements, shared by the 2 other parts, and that may be reused later on by other profiles (Fare Profile, Accessibility Profile, etc.)
  • Stop Profile, fully describing the STOP PLACEs and their hierarchy
  • Network and Timetables Profile, describing the network topology and related to timing information (timetables).

For Contracts, Use Case is:

  • provision of Contract / Journey Accounting (with operator roles)
  • provision of Stop Points Facilities (ticketing, accessibility, safety, etc.)
  • provision of Vehicles Equipments (lift/ramps, wheelchair etc)



For the implementation of Italian NeTEx profile, a dedicated Guideline document has been defined together with an “XML example” that shows how to fill the needed structures. The documentation is downloadable here.

Two profile XML examples have been created: the former fully compliant with EPIP (European Passenger Information Profile) and the latter including level 2 of NeTEx Italian Profile (e.g. contracts).

The examples have been released on a GitHub repository at the following URL:


Italian implementation

BIP Project

The Italian BIP project (Biglietto Integrato Piemonte) is one of the first implementations that uses the new NeTEx format. The Project has been co-funded by Piedmont Region (Italian Local Administration) and technical coordinated by 5T s.r.l.; it represents an innovative integrated ticketing system for Public Transport Operators (PTO), railways and virtually all other transport systems.


Main goals of the project are to enable different PTO’s, interoperability adopting a unique electronic contactless ticketing system, based on Calypso technology Smartcards, Automatic Vehicle Monitoring system (AVM) enabling real-time and off-line monitoring of executed service and a video-surveillance system for passenger safety.

Functional Architecture

Integration has been realized with the creation of a central system able to exchange data among all stakeholders:

  • PTO’s consortia (CCA)
  • Public Administrations
  • Service Operators.

A Regional Service Centre (called “CSR-BIP”) has been created for the governance of the whole System, with the role of an independent judge able to solve issues between different operators.

The BIP Project Architecture has been designed as a “universe” of stakeholders interacting with each other in order to allow their users to access transport with a single Smartcard.


Data exchange among Service Providers, Public Administrations and CSR-BIP is made using a tailored version of NeTEx communication Exchange Protocol (called BIPEx).


The BIP Project involves over 100 Public Transport Operators (PTO), nearly 3.400 vehicles, more than 8.600 stopping points, nearly 400 train stations, from 1 to 4 million people with a total investment of 50 million euros.